The harm caused by tobacco, alcohol and other drugs is a major public health problem for Indigenous Australians.
Nationally, tobacco smoking was responsible for 20 per cent of Indigenous deaths and 12.1 per cent of Indigenous burden of disease in 2003. These smoking-related deaths and illnesses are preventable.
Alcohol is the leading risk factor for mental disease and injury for Indigenous Australians and Indigenous people are hospitalised for alcohol misuse at around four times the national rate.
Rates of long-term leaded petrol sniffing increased throughout the 1990s, resulting in higher levels of related illness and death. For example, brain injuries from petrol sniffing were thought to be the lead cause of disability amongst the peoples of the Anangu Pitjantjatjara lands of South Australia.
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The harm caused by tobacco is a major public health problem for Indigenous Australians.
Substances and patterns of use in remote communities can differ from those practised more widely in Australia.
There has been mounting evidence of the devastating effect of alcohol misuse in rural and remote Indigenous communities.
Petrol sniffing has been a major source of illness, death and social dysfunction in Indigenous communities over the past few decades.
Gambling is a common recreational activity in the Northern Territory (NT) with over 70% of the adult population participating in some form of gambling.